Edvard Munch

This painting, usually called The Scream, said to represent the skies of Norway after the cataclysmic volcanic eruption of Krakatoa in 1883-4.

Although some scholars dispute this, I like to believe this explanation because the Krakatoa eruption is extremely interesting to me, and from what I have read about the colours of skies during that year, the explanation is entirely plausible.

In a page in his diary headed Nice 22.01.1892, Munch described his inspiration for the image as:

I was walking along a path with two friends – the sun was setting – suddenly the sky turned blood red – I paused, feeling exhausted, and leaned on the fence – there was blood and tongues of fire above the blue-black fjord and the city – my friends walked on, and I stood there trembling with anxiety – and I sensed an infinite scream passing through nature.
Read more about the painting here, and Krakatoa here.

Der Schrei der Natur (The Scream of Nature), 1893

Oil, tempera and pastel on cardboard